The Ashmolean Latin Inscriptions Project

Epigraphic conventions

Brackets are used to mark off sections of text that have been subject to editorial intervention. The type of brackets shows what changes have been made.

Symbol

Used for

The inscription says

The epigrapher writes

( )

An abbreviated word, which the editor has written out in full

AVG

Aug(ustus)

[ ]

Letters lost through damage, but supplied by the editor

VRNIA

[Calp]urnia

[[ ]]

Letters erased in antiquity, but can still be read clearly

GETA

[[Geta]]

(vac.)

Marking a deliberately blank space

D         M

D (vac.) M

˹ ˺

Correcting a mistake made by an original inscriber

INSIRVXIT

ins˹t˺ruxit

{ }

Letters carved in error, which the editor has removed

 

 

< >

Letters omitted in error, which the editor has added

 

 

Other common symbols:

Symbol

Used for

 

 

+++

Damaged traces of letters which cannot be recognised; each cross represents a letter

 

 

abc

Letters read by a previous editor; currently invisible

 

 

°

Words in Latin inscriptions are often separated by small dots or triangular marks (called interpuncts)

 

 

For more details about the notations used in this catalogue, download the epigraphic conventions pdf.